Common Causes of Morton’s Syndrome
- a congenital condition that exists among under 30% of the population
- bunion surgery can leave the first metatarsal bone shortened.
Common Complaints of Morton’s Syndrome
- callouses, soreness, significant joint pain and possible fractures
- people with diabetes may experience ulcers at the site
- for people who suffer from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis may experience swelling or inflammation in the second metatarsal joint
- if the forefoot turns inward it can cause shin splints, hip and back pain, and plantar fasciitis
Treatment Options for Morton’s Syndrome
Orthotics is a long term solution to support the body and keep it in the right position. Orthotics help to correct and target the cause of the problems.
In order to work efficiently, the orthotics should include thickening the orthotic under the first metatarsal; excavation under the second metatarsal to relieve the pressure; and finally a bar or pad to separate and lift the metatarsal heads.
Types of Footwear
Therapeutic and orthopaedic (foot orthotics) shoes are essential to the process, as they stabilize the foot.
A person diagnosed with Morton’s Syndrome is sized according to the length of the second toe, seeing as though it is longer than the big toe in this condition.
A forefoot rocker sole works to minimize the metatarsal joint from bending and succumbing to plantar pressure. A custom rocker sole fit to an existing shoe can provide a thicker rockered forefoot (much like an air cast would look like).
Hallux Valgus (bunions)
(This is a deformity at the flexing joint of the big toe. It’s when the end of the big toe leans to the smaller toes which causes the joint to enlarge and it looks like a lump or bump on the actual joint. This bunion can cause pain or swelling and can appear red or swollen).