The tibialis anterior which is found on the shin and the tibialis posterior which is located in the calf are the major muscles of the foot that are strained and irritated with repeated motion and overuse. Shin splints is essentially the pain one feels where these muscles attach to the shin bone. They control one to five times a person’s body weight, about ten thousand times a day.
Common Causes of Shin Splints
- Broken down footwear
- Being overweight
- Overuse in terms of walking or standing for long periods of time
- Unsupportive footwear
- Flat feet, fallen arches and weak ankles strain these muscles
- High impact sports
Common Symptoms of Shin Splints
- Increased pain the longer a person is active
- Burning and aching along the shin bone
- Pain is sharp and constant when activating the muscles
- Pain in the calf area when standing on one’s toes or twisting
Treatment Options for Shin Splints
Custom made orthotics are a long term solution for shin splints.
These orthotics should include a cupped heel to control the hindfoot motion; forefoot and hindfoot postings as necessary to control excessive motion; medial longitudinal arch support to stabilize muscles and control hyperpronation.
Types of Footwear for Shin Splints
Therapeutic and orthopaedic (foot orthotics) stability footwear is best for long term results.
Motion control footwear with a wide stable base is ideal for individuals with shin splints; footwear that incorporates a heel rocker to assist the tibialis anterior to slow down the foot when the heel strikes the ground.