Weak ankles are mainly a result of loose ligament structures that allow the ankle to pronate excessively.
Common Causes of Weak Ankles
- unsupportive footwear
- deltoid ligament laxity, that is weak musculature
- weight gain
- heel-ankle, midfoot, or forefoot mal-alignment
- overuse where muscles have to work harder which results in increased reliance on ligaments
Common Symptoms of Weak Ankles
- pain or inflammation along the Achilles tendon
- ankle pain or inflammation
- night cramps, aching, fatigued legs
- joint pain and muscle fatigue in the knees and back due to poor alignment
- heel pain or inflammation where the arch meet the heel
- morning stiffness in the ankle
- pain or inflammation along the shin bone
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR WEAK ANKLES
Orthotics that are prescribed by a doctor. These orthotics should include a medial longitudinal arch support that reflects the patient’s foot type and flexibility; a cupped heel to control heel eversion; extra wedging that can be placed under the medial side of the heel or forefoot to fix mal-alignment.
TYPES OF FOOTWEAR FOR WEAK ANKLES
Stable footwear that includes orthopaedic (foot orthotics) and therapeutic shoes.
The orthotics should be built with a wide sole base that provides medial and lateral support which can be used in sandals, boots, athletic shoes, and walking shoes.